11 Must Visit Places In Guwahati
By: Pinki Thu, 08 June 2023 4:30:04
Guwahati is a vibrant and rapidly developing city located in the northeastern part of India. It is the largest city in the state of Assam and serves as its commercial, educational, and cultural hub. Situated on the banks of the Brahmaputra River, Guwahati enjoys a picturesque setting with rolling hills and lush greenery.
The city has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. It has been an important center of trade and commerce since ancient times, connecting various regions of Northeast India with the rest of the country. Guwahati has witnessed the rise and fall of several empires, including the Ahom Kingdom, which had a significant influence on the region's culture and heritage.
Guwahati is known for its diverse population, comprising people from various ethnicities and backgrounds. The city is a melting pot of cultures, languages, and traditions. Assamese is the predominant language spoken in the region, although English and Hindi are also widely understood.
The city's economy is growing rapidly, driven by industries such as oil and gas, tea production, tourism, and manufacturing. Guwahati is home to numerous educational institutions, including universities, colleges, and research centers, making it a prominent educational destination in Northeast India.
Guwahati is also a major transportation hub, connecting the northeastern states with the rest of the country. The Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport serves as the gateway to the region, while the Guwahati Railway Station connects the city with major cities across India. The city has a well-developed road network and is an important junction on the National Highway 27.
# Assam State Museum, Guwahati
The Assam State Museum, located in Guwahati, is a prominent cultural institution and one of the oldest museums in Northeast India. Established in 1940, it showcases the rich cultural heritage and history of the state of Assam.
The museum is housed in a colonial-era building and is divided into several galleries, each dedicated to a specific aspect of Assam's culture and history. The exhibits in the museum encompass a wide range of artifacts, artwork, and archaeological findings that offer insights into the region's past.
The Archaeology section of the museum displays a collection of stone and bronze sculptures, terracotta figurines, ancient coins, and pottery dating back to different periods of Assam's history. It provides a glimpse into the artistic skills and craftsmanship of the people who inhabited the region centuries ago.
The Ethnography section focuses on the cultural diversity of Assam and showcases the traditional attire, jewelry, musical instruments, and household items used by various indigenous communities of the state. It offers visitors an opportunity to understand the unique traditions and customs of Assam's different ethnic groups.
The Natural History section of the museum is dedicated to the rich biodiversity of the region. It houses a vast collection of taxidermied animals, including rare and endangered species found in Assam and the neighboring areas. The section also features preserved specimens of plants, insects, and geological samples, providing an overview of the region's natural resources.
# Dipor Bil, also known as Deepor Beel, is a significant freshwater lake located just south-west of Guwahati, the capital city of Assam in Northeast India. It is one of the largest and most important wetlands in the Brahmaputra Valley.
Covering an area of approximately 40 square kilometers, Dipor Bil is a natural shallow lake formed as a result of the shifting course of the Brahmaputra River. The lake is surrounded by marshes, grasslands, and patches of dense vegetation, creating a diverse ecosystem that supports a wide range of flora and fauna.
Dipor Bil is recognized as a Ramsar site, indicating its international importance as a wetland habitat. It provides a crucial habitat for numerous resident and migratory bird species, making it a haven for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts. The lake is home to over 100 species of resident and migratory birds, including pelicans, storks, herons, kingfishers, and several species of ducks.
Apart from its avian population, Dipor Bil supports a variety of aquatic life. The lake is known for its rich fish biodiversity, with numerous fish species found in its waters. It also provides a habitat for turtles, otters, and other small mammals.
The wetland ecosystem of Dipor Bil plays a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance of the region. It acts as a natural reservoir, helping in flood control by absorbing excess water during the monsoon season. The lake also serves as a natural filter, purifying the water and acting as a sink for pollutants.
# Fancy Bazaar, Guwahati
Fancy Bazaar is a bustling commercial area located in the heart of Guwahati, the largest city in the state of Assam, India. It is one of the oldest and busiest marketplaces in the city, renowned for its vibrant atmosphere and diverse range of goods.
Fancy Bazaar is a favorite shopping destination for locals and tourists alike. The market offers a wide array of products, ranging from traditional Assamese handicrafts and textiles to modern clothing, electronics, household items, and more. It is a one-stop destination for those looking for a unique shopping experience and a taste of the local culture.
The market is divided into several sections, each specializing in different types of goods. In the textile section, you can find a plethora of fabrics, including traditional Assamese silk sarees, mekhela chadors (traditional Assamese attire for women), and various other clothing materials. The jewelry section offers a variety of accessories, including ethnic tribal jewelry and contemporary designs.
Fancy Bazaar is also known for its wholesale trade activities, attracting merchants from different parts of the region. The market serves as a hub for wholesale traders dealing in items like textiles, spices, hardware, stationery, and more. It is a bustling and energetic place where you can witness the dynamic trade and commercial activities of Guwahati.
Apart from shopping, Fancy Bazaar is also famous for its street food. Numerous food stalls and eateries offer a wide range of delectable local delicacies, such as pani puri, momos (dumplings), jhal muri (spicy puffed rice), and Assamese snacks. Exploring the food scene in Fancy Bazaar is a delightful experience for food enthusiasts.
Fancy Bazaar is centrally located and easily accessible. It is well-connected by public transportation, and visitors can reach the market by taxis, auto-rickshaws, or local buses. The market is usually crowded, particularly during weekends and festive seasons, so it's advisable to be prepared for the bustling environment and keep an eye on your belongings.
# Guwahati Planetarium, Guwahati
The Guwahati Planetarium, located in Guwahati, Assam, is a popular science and astronomy center that offers visitors a fascinating journey through the wonders of the universe. Established in 1994, the planetarium aims to promote scientific education and create awareness about astronomy among people of all ages.
The Guwahati Planetarium is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, including a domed projection system that creates an immersive and realistic representation of celestial objects and astronomical phenomena. The planetarium regularly organizes captivating sky shows, which are audio-visual presentations projected onto the dome, allowing visitors to explore the night sky and learn about various celestial bodies, constellations, and cosmic events.
The planetarium hosts a wide range of educational and entertaining programs, including interactive sessions, workshops, and lectures on astronomy, space science, and related fields. These programs are designed to engage and educate visitors about the mysteries of the universe and the latest discoveries in space exploration.
In addition to its regular shows, the Guwahati Planetarium also organizes special events during significant astronomical events like solar and lunar eclipses, meteor showers, and celestial alignments. These events provide opportunities for enthusiasts and amateur astronomers to observe and learn more about these celestial occurrences.
# Guwahati Zoo, Guwahati
The Guwahati Zoo, officially known as the Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden, is a prominent zoological park located in Guwahati, Assam, India. Established in 1957, it is the largest zoo in the northeastern region of India and serves as a significant center for wildlife conservation, research, and education.
Spread over an area of around 430 acres, the Guwahati Zoo is home to a diverse range of animal species, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The zoo aims to provide a natural and secure habitat for the animals, allowing visitors to observe and learn about them up close.
The zoo is well-known for its collection of rare and endangered species. Visitors can see animals like the one-horned rhinoceros, Bengal tigers, Asiatic lions, clouded leopards, elephants, gibbons, and various species of primates. It also houses a variety of bird species, including colorful parrots, peafowls, hornbills, and eagles.
The Guwahati Zoo plays a crucial role in conservation efforts, particularly for the preservation of endangered species. It actively participates in breeding programs and conservation initiatives to safeguard and increase the population of vulnerable animals. The zoo also collaborates with research institutions and conservation organizations to contribute to scientific studies and wildlife conservation efforts.
Apart from its animal exhibits, the Guwahati Zoo features a botanical garden that showcases a wide variety of plant species, including rare and exotic flora. The garden provides a tranquil and scenic environment, making it an enjoyable place for nature lovers and botany enthusiasts.
# Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati
The Kamakhya Temple is a renowned Hindu temple located atop the Nilachal Hill in Guwahati. It is one of the most sacred and revered pilgrimage sites in the country, attracting thousands of devotees and tourists every year. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Kamakhya, an incarnation of the Hindu goddess Shakti.
The Kamakhya Temple holds immense religious significance, particularly for followers of the Shakti cult and Tantric traditions. It is believed to be one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Peethas (holy shrines) in Hindu mythology. The temple's sanctum sanctorum houses a yoni-shaped stone, representing the reproductive organ of the Hindu goddess, which is worshipped as the main deity.
The temple complex consists of several other smaller temples dedicated to various forms of the goddess, as well as shrines of other deities like Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, and the ten Mahavidyas (ten forms of the goddess). The architectural style of the Kamakhya Temple reflects a mix of traditional Assamese and Hindu architectural elements.
One of the significant annual festivals celebrated at the Kamakhya Temple is the Ambubachi Mela, which takes place during the monsoon season. It is believed that during this time, the goddess menstruates, and the temple remains closed for three days. Devotees from far and wide gather to seek blessings and participate in the rituals associated with this unique event.
The Kamakhya Temple offers a breathtaking view of the city of Guwahati and the mighty Brahmaputra River flowing nearby. The temple premises are adorned with beautiful sculptures and carvings, showcasing intricate craftsmanship and religious symbolism. The serene and spiritual atmosphere adds to the overall appeal of the temple.
# Kaziranga National Park, Guwahati
Kaziranga National Park, located in the state of Assam, is a world-renowned wildlife sanctuary and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is situated approximately 200 kilometers east of Guwahati, making it easily accessible from the city. Established in 1905, Kaziranga National Park is celebrated for its remarkable conservation efforts and is known as a sanctuary for the endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros.
Covering an area of around 430 square kilometers, Kaziranga National Park is characterized by its unique landscape of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense forests. The park is home to a diverse range of wildlife, making it one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the world. In addition to the Indian rhinoceros, Kaziranga is also a habitat for other iconic species such as tigers, elephants, water buffaloes, wild boars, and various species of deer.
Kaziranga National Park is particularly renowned for its successful conservation efforts in protecting the Indian one-horned rhinoceros population. The park holds two-thirds of the world's population of this magnificent species, making it a critical stronghold for their survival. Visitors to Kaziranga have a high chance of spotting these majestic creatures during safari tours and elephant rides conducted within the park.
In addition to its charismatic megafauna, Kaziranga is a birdwatcher's paradise, home to over 500 bird species. The park attracts migratory birds during the winter season, including the globally threatened greater adjutant stork, Bengal florican, and several species of eagles, herons, and waterfowl.
# Madan Kamdev, Guwahati
Madan Kamdev, also known as Madan Kamrup, is an ancient archaeological site located near Guwahati, Assam. It is a significant historical and cultural landmark that showcases the remnants of an ancient temple complex dating back to the 10th-12th centuries.
The Madan Kamdev archaeological site is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is considered a place of great religious and historical importance. The site is believed to have been a prominent center for tantric practices during its heyday.
The temple complex at Madan Kamdev consists of several shrines, including the main temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The architecture of the temples exhibits a unique blend of Hindu and tantric influences, characterized by intricate carvings and sculptures depicting various gods, goddesses, mythical creatures, and erotic motifs.
The site is surrounded by lush greenery and offers a serene and peaceful atmosphere. Visitors can explore the ruins, admire the architectural beauty, and marvel at the detailed carvings that have withstood the test of time. The sculptures at Madan Kamdev provide valuable insights into the artistic and cultural traditions of the region during the medieval period.
Madan Kamdev is often referred to as the "Khajuraho of Assam" due to the presence of erotic sculptures resembling those found in the famous Khajuraho temples in Central India. These sculptures, depicting various aspects of human life and sensuality, are believed to have had symbolic and tantric significance.
The site also contains a small museum that houses a collection of sculptures and artifacts discovered during archaeological excavations. The museum provides additional context and information about the historical and cultural significance of Madan Kamdev.
Visiting Madan Kamdev offers a glimpse into the rich history and architectural heritage of Assam. The site's serene ambiance and the exquisite craftsmanship of its sculptures make it a fascinating destination for history enthusiasts, art lovers, and those interested in exploring the cultural heritage of the region.
# Navagraha Temple, Guwahati
The Navagraha Temple, also known as the "Temple of the Nine Planets," is a renowned Hindu temple located in Guwahati. As the name suggests, it is dedicated to the Navagrahas, the nine celestial deities associated with the planets in Hindu astrology.
The Navagraha Temple in Guwahati is considered to be one of the most significant Navagraha temples in India. It is believed that worshiping the Navagrahas can bring good fortune, mitigate the effects of planetary afflictions, and promote overall well-being.
The temple complex houses nine separate shrines, each dedicated to a specific planet. The deities enshrined in the temple include Surya (Sun), Chandra (Moon), Mangal (Mars), Budha (Mercury), Brihaspati (Jupiter), Shukra (Venus), Shani (Saturn), Rahu (the North Lunar Node), and Ketu (the South Lunar Node).
Devotees visit the Navagraha Temple to seek blessings and perform rituals to appease the planetary deities. It is believed that worshiping the Navagrahas can help alleviate astrological imbalances and bring harmony and success in various aspects of life.
The temple architecture showcases a blend of traditional Assamese and Hindu architectural styles. The intricate carvings, sculptures, and vibrant colors add to the visual appeal of the temple. The serene and peaceful atmosphere within the temple complex offers a conducive environment for prayer and reflection.
# Nehru Park, Guwahati
Nehru Park is a popular public park located in Guwahati, the largest city in the Indian state of Assam. It is named after India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and serves as a recreational and leisure destination for locals and tourists alike.
Nehru Park is situated in the heart of the city, providing a serene and green oasis amidst the urban landscape. The park spans over a sizable area and features beautifully landscaped gardens, lush lawns, and vibrant flower beds. It offers a peaceful environment where visitors can relax, unwind, and enjoy the natural beauty.
The park provides various amenities and facilities to cater to the needs of visitors. It has well-maintained walking paths, benches, and seating areas where people can take leisurely strolls, engage in conversations, or simply soak in the tranquil ambiance. The park is an ideal spot for morning or evening walks, jogging, or yoga sessions.
Nehru Park is not only a recreational space but also hosts cultural and social events. It often serves as a venue for concerts, musical performances, art exhibitions, and other public gatherings. These events attract people from different walks of life and add vibrancy to the park's atmosphere.
For children, Nehru Park offers a dedicated play area with various rides, swings, and slides, providing a fun-filled experience for young visitors. The park also has a small lake where visitors can enjoy boating activities, adding an element of excitement and recreation.
The park is adorned with statues, sculptures, and fountains, creating a visually appealing environment. It also houses a variety of plant species, including trees, shrubs, and flowering plants, contributing to the park's aesthetic charm and providing shade and respite from the sun.
# Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Guwahati
Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, located approximately 50 kilometers east of Guwahati is a renowned wildlife reserve and an important conservation area. It is known for its dense population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses, making it a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.
Covering an area of around 38 square kilometers, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. The sanctuary is primarily recognized for its successful efforts in conserving the endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros. It boasts one of the highest densities of rhinoceroses in the world, providing a unique opportunity for visitors to observe these majestic creatures up close.
In addition to the rhinoceros, Pobitora is also inhabited by other wildlife species such as wild boars, wild buffaloes, leopards, deer, and a variety of bird species. The sanctuary is a paradise for birdwatchers, with numerous resident and migratory birds gracing the wetlands and grasslands of the area.
One of the unique features of Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is its compact size, which enhances the chances of sighting wildlife during a visit. Jeep safaris are the primary means of exploring the sanctuary, allowing visitors to venture deep into its lush greenery and witness the animals in their natural habitat. The safaris are led by experienced guides who provide valuable insights into the sanctuary's ecology and wildlife.
Pobitora also offers nature trails and birdwatching opportunities, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the natural beauty and serenity of the sanctuary. The vast grasslands, marshes, and water bodies within the sanctuary create an ideal habitat for a wide range of flora and fauna.
# Umananda Temple, Guwahati
Umananda Temple is a revered Hindu temple located on the Peacock Island in the Brahmaputra River, near Guwahati, Assam. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is considered one of the most sacred and important pilgrimage sites in the region.
The Umananda Temple is believed to have been built during the 17th century by King Gadadhar Singh, a ruler of the Ahom dynasty. The temple holds great religious significance, particularly for devotees of Lord Shiva.
To reach the Umananda Temple, visitors must take a short ferry ride from the Guwahati riverfront to the Peacock Island. The island itself is a picturesque spot surrounded by the mighty Brahmaputra River and lush greenery, providing a tranquil and serene setting for the temple.
The temple complex consists of several shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva. The main shrine enshrines a Shiva lingam, the phallic form representing Lord Shiva. The temple architecture showcases a blend of Assamese and Hindu architectural styles, adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures depicting various deities and mythological figures.
Apart from its religious significance, Umananda Temple is also known for its breathtaking views of the Brahmaputra River and the surrounding landscape. The island offers a peaceful environment for meditation, prayer, and spiritual contemplation, away from the hustle and bustle of the city.
During the festival of Shivratri, which commemorates Lord Shiva, the Umananda Temple attracts a large number of devotees who come to offer prayers and seek blessings. The temple's ambiance is enhanced by the sound of devotional chants and the fragrance of incense.
Visiting Umananda Temple provides not only a religious experience but also an opportunity to appreciate the natural beauty of the Brahmaputra River and its surroundings. The ferry ride to the Peacock Island adds an element of adventure and allows visitors to enjoy panoramic views of Guwahati city and the river.